WRH Volume 37 Double Issue 2&3

The Latest Washington Report on the Hemisphere is out:

In the latest issue, you will find the following analyses:

Research Articles
1. Cooperation: Colombia’s Solution to the Pitfalls of Contract Farming by Joseph Green

Agriculture is one of the cornerstones of civilization and an absolute necessity for a nation’s survival. Nevertheless, for the dwindling number of families and individuals who continue to practice it, agriculture is an ever-more demanding and precarious venture. Cultivators are perpetually caught in the ebb and flow of economic conditions, international trade, and governmental policies, not to mention modern phenomena such as mechanization and climate change, which in turn affect shifting business models, power relations, and land disputes.

2. Mexico’s Role & the Re-imagining of NAFTA: A Tricky Window of Opportunity by Mariana Sánchez Ramírez
U.S. President Donald Trump continues to make the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a contentious topic, further straining the development of the bilateral relationship between the United States and Mexico. The initiation of tariff elimination that was being anticipated in the European Economic Community (1957–1993), the predecessor to the European Union (EU), was a source of great inspiration.
Country Briefs

1. Peru  WANTED: Embroiled in Corruption and Other Scandals, Former Peruvian President, Alejandro Toledo, Denies Accusations of Wrongdoing by Erika Quinteros

On February 9, Judge Richard Concepción sentenced former president Alejandro Toledo to 18 months of preventive detention. Additionally, the Peruvian government is offering more than $30,000 dollars to anyone providing information on the former head of state’s whereabouts.

2. Haiti  Jovenel Moïse Set to be Haiti’s New President by Kayla Whitlock

On January 4, 2017, Haiti’s Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) controversially declared Jovenel Moïse of the Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) the country’s new president after two separate prior elections. Moïse, self-branded as the “Banana Man” for his business as a banana exporter, has indicated that he sees his banana export company as a modest template for rural development.

3. Brazil  Chaos in Espírito Santo as Cities Are Left Without Police by Mitch Rogers

Cities in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo have faced more than R$20 million reais in theft and damages as criminals and average citizens have taken to the streets with impunity, as of February 4. Thieves ransacked hundreds of shops, stole vehicles, and killed over 110 people, as schools, public health centers, and bus routes were shut down to avoid the riotous violence.  This mayhem marked a drastic swing away from Espírito Santo’s previously steady decrease in violent crime; for example, the month of January 2017 witnessed only four homicides.

4. Colombia  Murders of Community Leaders Jeopardize Peace Agreements by Erika Quinteros

On January 20, the lifeless body of Hernan E. Agamez Florez lay in a street in Montelíbano, a town in northern Colombia. Hernan was a political and social activist: a member of the Campesino Association of Sur de Córdoba, member of the Coca Growers Committee, treasurer of the Collective Action Council of El Barro vereda, and leader of the Patriotic March movement. Hernan’s death unites him with those of other community leaders in recent years.

5. Mexico – U.S.-Mexican Relations in President Trump’s First Weeks by Taylor Lewis

On Thursday, January 26, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced that he would no longer be travelling to Washington to meet with U.S. President Donald Trump on January 31. The trip had been scheduled earlier in the month to begin preliminary discussions on issues such as immigration and NAFTA.

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