August 2, 2009
The Guardian, UK
Castro said he wanted to respond to Washington’s effort to recast diplomatic relations but insisted Cuba’s communist system was solid and would not be diluted. “We are ready to talk about everything but not to negotiate our political and social system,” he told the national assembly on Saturday.
The 78-year-old leader, who formally succeeded his ailing brother Fidel last year, made the announcement amid grim economic news which will curb spending on health and education, twin pillars of the 50-year-old revolution.
The government warned of further austerity in the wake of hurricane damage and a sputtering economy, a sharp contrast to glimmers of diplomatic detente.
Castro said there was a chance for negotiations now that the White House had toned down Bush-era hostility towards Havana. “It’s true there has been a diminution of the aggression and anti-Cuban rhetoric on the part of the administration.”
Barack Obama has slightly eased the draconian US embargo against the island, a policy from the Kennedy administration, and made symbolic gestures such as stopping the electronic ticker from the US mission in Havana which used to taunt Cuba’s rulers with pro-democracy slogans.
Castro noted however that the embargo remained in effect and he rejected comments by the US secretary of state, Hillary Clinton, linking improved relations with concessions from Havana.
“I have to say, with all due respect to Mrs Clinton … they didn’t elect me president to restore capitalism in Cuba, nor to hand over the revolution. I was elected to defend, maintain and continue perfecting socialism, not destroy it,” he said to a standing ovation.
He scorned those who believe the Cuban regime would crumble once he, Fidel and other ageing figures from the revolution died, saying: “If that’s how they think, they are doomed to failure.”
The US used to look forward to a so-called “poof moment” when the communist system 90 miles off Florida collapsed upon Fidel Castro’s death. But when illness sidelined him three years ago his younger brother seamlessly took over.
Raúl Castro has offered to talk to Washington before, but doing so in a national assembly address gave the words added weight. There was no immediate response from the state department.
“What we have here is an important and continuing effort by Raúl to signal that discussions with the US are something he very much wants,” said Larry Birns, director of the Council on Hemispheric Affairs thinktank.
“Raúl is conducting himself like someone who wants to be accepted as a serious discussion partner. He has been non-judgmental in his relations with the US and on occasion been relatively warm. From the US viewpoint Cuba has been on good behaviour.”
The US is the only country in the hemisphere to not have diplomatic ties with Havana, a position many critics consider anachronistic and self-defeating.
Obama has authorised the resumption of talks over migration and disaster preparedness, low-level contacts which were severed during the Bush administration.
European diplomats, and many US commentators, are impatient for bolder moves and call Cuba a “low-hanging fruit” ripe for engagement in contrast to recalcitrant regimes in Iran and North Korea. The Cuban-American community which once lobbied for complete isolation of the Castros is now split, with a new generation urging closer ties with Cuba.
Havana, once a pariah, has returned to the international fold and recently hosted leaders from Latin America, Asia, Russia and the EU.
But that diplomatic shine contrasts with a darkening economy which has seen growth projections for this year slashed form 6% to 1.7%, with even the lower figure considered optimistic.
Castro said the government cut its budget for the second time this year to confront Cuba’s worst financial crisis since the “special period” of the 1990s when the end of Soviet Union subsidies left the population close to starvation.
Tropical storms last year caused £6bn worth of damage and since then the global slowdown has hit nickel exports and tourism revenues. “We’ve been forced to renegotiate debts, payments and other commitments with foreign entities,” said the president.
Spending on education and health care, which are free and universal, would be cut, he said, without much elaboration.
Many Cubans grumble that schools and hospitals have already degraded because teachers and doctors prefer to hustle on the parallel economy than work for monthly state salaries of just £12.